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PP Test 2 语法题笔记

Test 2 1~40

1. Sand is formed by the weathering and decomposition of all types of rock, _________ most abundant mineral constituent being quartz.

A. and its

B. since its

C. its

D. it is

答案:C

分析及考点:独立主格结构。后面句子没有谓语,所以不用连词,A,B错,D形成句子跟主句间又没有连词,且与being冲突。

参考译文:沙子是由各种各样的石头风化和分解而形成的,它含量最多的矿物质是石英。

2. _________ in the daytime for most of the year, the groundhog hibernates in a burrow during winter.

A. Is active

B. That it is active

C. Active

D. While is active

答案:C

分析及考点:考状语的省略结构。全句的主语是groundhog,谓语hibernates。A谓语不能单独存在。B that it is错误结构。D缺从句主语。

参考译文:土拨鼠一年中很多时候在白天都很活跃,到了冬天就在地洞中冬眠了。

3. The wood of elm trees is used in shipbuilding and in _________ barrels, furniture, flooring, and sporting goods.

A. to make

B. as made

C. making

D. to have made

答案:C

分析及考点:and连接两个对称的结构,且介词后面应该跟动名词。

参考译文:榆树的木头用于造船和桶、家具、地板和运动器材的制作。

4. In 1867 Russia sold Alaska to the United States, and in 1958 _________ the forty-ninth state.

A. Alaska’s becoming

B. Alaska became

C. when Alaska became

D. Alaska to become

答案:B

分析及考点:and连接对称结构前后都是完整句子。

参考译文:1867年俄国把阿拉斯加卖给了美国,而阿拉斯加在1958年成为美国的第49个州。

5. Almost _________ countries use the decimal system.

A. all

B. all of

C. all of which

D. of all

答案:A

分析及考点:all和all of的用法。泛指的时候用all,特指复数用all of。

参考译文:几乎所有的国家都用十进制系统。

6. _______ allows the skin and thus the body to be cooled.

A. Sweat evaporates

B. When sweat evaporates

C. Sweat, the evaporation of which

D. The evaporation of sweat

答案:D

分析及考点:句子缺主语,allows是谓语。所以A,B错。C中的sweat 和evaporation不形成同位语结构,而且of which不存在的定语从句结构。

参考译文:汗的蒸发使得皮肤继而是躯体变凉。

7. Activities such as writing down notes will generally lead to faster learning _________just listening to or reading facts.

A. than

B. than is

C. whereas

D. in that

答案:A

分析及考点:比较结构极其特点。

参考译文:象记笔记的做法一般比仅仅听或读现象能导致更快的学习。

8. The Dallas Civic Opera has earned _________ since its initial production debuted in 1957.

A. an international reputation and

B. an international reputation was

C. what an international reputation



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